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What's Macular Degeneration?

Macular degeneration is a gradual loss of high-detail, central vision.

Macular degeneration results in deterioration of cells at the macula. The macula is a unique area of the retina. 

The retina is the layer at the back of the eye containing special cells called called photoreceptors are special cells which sense light. The macula contains a large number of these cells compared to other parts of the retina.

The macula is responsible for high-detail vision. This includes important tasks such as:

  • recognising your friend’s and family’s faces
  • seeing street signs in order to drive safely
  • reading words in your favourite book

Macular degeneration can make these above tasks difficult and almost impossible. This can be difficult for the individual with this type of eye problem, requiring treatment and preparation.

Macula Degeneration

Symptoms

At the very early stages, macula degeneration has very subtle and unnoticable symptoms. There might be slight blurred vision or reduced high detail.

Tests - The Amsler Grid

One test that can be performed now is the Amsler Grid test. With reading glasses on cover one eye and observe the below image with a grid, starting at the middle spot.

Routine eye examinations act as the best way of detecting macula degeneration.

Other tests: 

  • retinal camera and possible dilation
  • OCT scan of the macula

Treatment

Dry form – Diet and supplements, wearing sun glasses when outdoors, blue light no effects seen yet.

Wet form – infections

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